A Confederate Military Prison

The Research

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3-D model of the scan data of Fort Lawton. The color ramp corresponds to elevation.

Remote sensing systems, such as ground penetrating radar (GPR), provide archaeologists with the ability to study sites without disturbing the archaeological features on the surface and below the ground. Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is another type of remote sensing technology. LiDAR systems use a laser to find and record the distance to a point on an object. The LiDAR scanner collects thousands of these measured points to generate a three dimensional point cloud of the area or object being scanned.In the summer of 2010, GSU archaeologists began deploying and testing two LiDAR systems to record topographic features at Camp Lawton. Fort Lawton will be the first in a series of scan projects planned to demonstrate the use of this technology in the interpretation of the site. LiDAR scans of the fort will be used to generate a three dimensional model of the fort. This model will then be integrated with other data from GPR, excavations, and shovel tests to more accurately illustrate the fort’s relationship to the stockade wall and other site components. Future applications of LiDAR include digital reconstruction of the site, recording and presenting excavation data, and collecting topographical map data.

- Matthew A. Luke


The Research Team

Sue Moore, Ph.D.

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Dr. Sue Moore is a professor of Anthropology in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Georgia Southern University.Dr. Moore is the former chair of the Department of Anthropology and Sociology and the former dean of the College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences at Georgia Southern University. Her research interests include historical archaeology, particularly southeastern U.S. colonial-postbellum periods.

Moore’s students are currently engaged in research at three locations: Mont Repose Plantation in South Carolina, Old Town Plantation near Louisville, Ga., and Camp Lawton at Magnolia Springs State Park in Millen, Ga.

Dr. Moore completed her Bachelor of Arts, Master of Arts and Ph.D. in Anthropology at the University of Florida.


Kevin Chapman

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Kevin Chapman is the Graduate Supervisor for the Camp Lawton/Magnolia Springs project. Chapman found the first artifact on the Camp Lawton site and quickly realized he was working in an area that held numerous pieces of historical importance, despite the widely held belief by many professional archaeologists that nothing of significance remained on the Civil War site.The discoveries at Camp Lawton have special meaning for Chapman, who served eleven years in the Georgia Army National Guard and was activated for duty in Bosnia-Herzegovina. His military background gives him a unique understanding of the items found at Camp Lawton, and what they meant to each soldier.

Chapman is a native of Summerville, Georgia and holds an Associate of Arts in Criminal Justice from East Georgia College, a Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology from Georgia Southern University, and is currently enrolled in Georgia Southern’s Masters of Arts in Social Science (Anthropology) program.

He received the Cultural Heritage Scholarship for the 2010-2011 academic year and was recently accepted into the U.S. Fish and Wildlife’s Specialized Career Education program.


Matthew Newberry

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Matthew Newberry is the logistical coordinator for the Camp Lawton/Magnolia Springs project and assisted with the archaeological survey and test excavations of the site.Newberry is a native of Hamilton, Georgia and earned a Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology from Georgia Southern University. He is currently enrolled in Georgia Southern’s Masters of Arts in Social Science program.

In addition to the Camp Lawton project, Newberry’s archaeological interests include lowland and coastal plantation archaeology, prehistoric/historic pottery and ceramic analysis, and using remote sensing applications in archaeological research.

Newberry is the president of the Georgia Southern Anthropological Society and holds memberships in the Society for Georgia Archaeology, the Society for Historical Archaeology and the National Trust for Historic Preservation. After completing his masters degree, he plans to work in cultural resource management.


Matthew Luke

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Matthew Luke is the LIDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) scanning director for the Camp Lawton site. Luke performed the site mapping at Camp Lawton and managed data obtained from Geographic Information Systems technology.Luke is a native of Byron, Georgia and earned his A.S. from Georgia Military College, a Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology from Georgia Southern University, and is currently pursuing his Masters of Arts in Social Science with an emphasis in Anthropology from Georgia Southern.

Luke’s research areas of interest include the historical archaeology of military sites, remote sensing, and Geographic Information Systems data management.

Luke is Vice President of the Georgia Southern Anthropological Society and holds memberships in the Society for Historical Archaeology, Southeastern Archaeological Conference. He plans to pursue a Ph.D. in Anthropology.


Amanda Morrow

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Amanda Morrow assisted in the excavation of artifacts at the Camp Lawton site and photographed the artifacts for publication.Morrow is from Marietta, Georgia and graduated from Georgia Southern University with a Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology with a minor in photography. Morrow is now pursuing her Masters of Arts in Social Science in Anthropology from Georgia Southern University.

Civil War history, artifact photography, and numismatics are among Morrow’s areas of expertise and professional interests. She is a member of Lambda Alpha Anthropological Honors Society. Morrow plans to continue specializing in Civil War archaeology and plans to pursue her Ph.D.


Mary Craft

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Mary Craft assisted in the excavation of the Camp Lawton site and is heading up the team’s educational outreach programs.Craft is from Commerce, Georgia and received her Associate Degree in Anthropology from Gainesville State College and her Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology with a minor in history from Georgia Southern University. She is currently enrolled in the Anthropology Masters program at Georgia Southern University.

Craft’s areas of interest include zoo-archaeology and anthropology/archaeology educational outreach and she serves as Secretary of Georgia Southern’s Anthropological Society. Craft’s professional goal is to continue to educate the public about man’s rich history and culture.


Christopher Kowalczyk

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Christopher Kowalczyk helped set the initial layout and excavation of the Camp Lawton site. He also worked closely with LIDAR and electronic survey ideas at the site.Kowalczyk served as a United States Navy rescue swimmer and Intelligence Specialist. He earned his Bachelors of Science Biology from Georgia Southern University and is currently enrolled in Georgia Southern’s Masters of Arts in Social Science program.

Kowalczyk’s interests include biological anthropology, evolutionary ecology, taphonomy, and faunal curation and preservation by means of 3D scanning. Kowalczyk plans to pursue a Ph.D. in Anthropology.

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Camp Lawton • P.O. Box 8051 Statesboro, GA 30460-8142 • (912) 478-2587
Artifact Photography by Amanda L. Morrow
Access to artifact collection courtesy of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, custodians.